August 27, 2016 by
http://www.ncaa.org/static/champion/why-is-that-a-...
What’s the rule?
While there are exceptions typically tied to academics, a student who transfers from one four-year college to another is generally required to complete one full academic year of residence before being eligible to compete for the new school.
How did that become a rule?
The transfer residence rule is in the first NCAA manual and was originally tied with freshman ineligibility, a rule that was eliminated in 1972.
Why does the NCAA care?
Requiring college athletes to sit out competition for a year after transferring encourages them to make decisions motivated by academics as well as athletics. Most student-athletes who are not eligible to compete immediately benefit from a year to adjust to their new school and focus on classes. Transferring schools has a profound impact on the academic achievement of all students, not just college athletes.
Will it always be a rule?
Divisions I and II transfer rules and policies will be reviewed by the Division I Council and the Division II Academic Requirements Committee throughout the next year.